The skew lines are sent to a C++ library that facilitates OpenCL to calculate the center points. See More, See Clear with #OPPOReno2 #Quadcam with #20xZoom and capture the magic of the night at a stunning level of clarity with #UltraDarkMode. All numerical experiments were conducted on a Dell T1500 Intel(T) Core i5 Processor with 2.00 GB RAM.
Vessel schedules, produced by GVSPL1 and GVSPL2, were compared in terms of the amount of fuel (both HFO and MGO) consumed by vessels serving the French Asia Line 3 route. As GVSPL2 vessel schedules have lower bunker consumption costs (Section 6/3 and Figure 4) as compared to GVSPL1 vessel schedules, the total bunker consumption was also found to be lower for all the considered problem instances. Furthermore, numerical experiments demonstrate that GVSPL2 vessel schedules not only required less MGO at voyage legs, passing through ECAs, but also yielded HFO savings. The bunker consumption savings were estimated for all generated problem instances, and results are presented in Figure 6 for HFO and MGO fuel types. We observe that on average, GVSPL2 vessel schedules require 19/6 per cent less HFO and 40/4 per cent less MGO. The MGO savings can be explained by the fact that the liner shipping company was required to decrease the vessel sailing speed (hence, reduce the MGO consumption) at voyage legs, passing through ECAs, to avoid violation of the emission restrictions. In the meantime, introduction of emission restrictions reduced vessel sailing speeds not only (click over here) within ECAs but also at the adjacent voyage legs, which yielded the HFO consumption savings.